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How to Determine the Desired Results, Barriers, and PRE factors for a social change program


To ensure that social change programs are robust and stand the chance of delivering on results, program planners must be clear on four essential things:

  • A clearly defined problem the program aims to address, and accompanying defined outcomes or desired result(s) for the program.
  • Clearly defined barriers to achieving the desired result
  • Sound understanding of the factors that predispose people or communities to the barriers identified, enable the barriers identified and reinforce the barriers identified.

These four pillars are fundamental to the success of any program. They form the bases for what is measured at the end of the program to determine if the program was successful or not.

Here are some tips to help you set up the Determine the Desired Results, Barriers, and PER factors for your good social program

Determining the Desired Result(s) for a good social program:

What is The Desired Result in program Planning?

The desired result is the long-term change(s) you want to see happen as a result of your program or intervention. They are sometimes referred to as outcomes or impact – depending on the scope of your program or intervention. But irrespective of the what you call them, the desired results of a program is exactly that “A RESULT”.

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How to Identify Barriers to A Program’s Results

What are Barriers?

Barriers are factors or road-blocks that stand in the way of achieving the desired result or social change you want to see. As a program planner, it is essential that you have a clear understanding of the most pressing barriers standing in the way of accomplishing the change you want to see. In program planning, barriers could be behavioral, lifestyle-related or environmental.

What is the difference between behavior, lifestyle and environmental barriers?

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How to Determine Predisposing, Reinforcing and Enabling, Factors (PER) for your social good program

Certain factors make people more likely than others to behave in ways or fail to behave in ways that prevent or proliferate social change barriers.  According to the PRECEDE-PROCEED model, these factors are grouped into three categories: predisposing factors, reinforcing factors, and enabling factors.

When social good program planners understand these factors, they will be better able to develop programs that are targeted, effective, efficient, and deliver results. An excellent understanding of these factors will also help them identify the most appropriate theoretical framework for the programs they design and come up with interventions that make change happen.

Here are some thoughts to help you determine and differentiate between predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors.  

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In conclusion, to ensure that social change programs are robust and stand the chance of delivering on results, program planners must be clear on the desired results that want to see, barriers to accomplishing these results, and predisposing, reinforcing and enabling factors related to barriers in focus.

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To Working Strategies and Authentic Results

It’s Chinnie

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